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Indigo Bunting

Passerin indigo

Passerina cyanea

Birds of North America
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Life, Habitat & Pictures of the Indigo Bunting

B L W W W Family Latin Name
5.5" 14cm 8" 20.3cm 0.5oz 14.2g Cardinalidae Passerina cyanea

Species: The Indigo Bunting (Passerina cyanea), a commonly found small sparrow-sized bird, whose habitat is along bushy roadsides, new regrowth forests, older abandoned farmfields and forest edges.

Distinctions: Breeding males have all blue plumage and an even darker blue head. The plumage appears black in colour when seen in direct sunlight. In non-breeding season, the male appears mostly brown with blue patches. The female, when in breeding plumage, shows lighter brown plumage, a streaked breast with a white throat. In non-breeding season, the female and the juvenile Indigo Buntings appear in light brown plumage overall.

Voice: Loud rapid lyrics, with repeated notes, the male sings right into the late summer months.

Nesting: Three to four light blue eggs per clutch, often two broods per year. The Indigo Bunting nests on the ground and in smaller bushes close to the ground, hidden among the vegetation. Nest is constructed from grasses and leaves and are built in the shape of a small cup.

Indigo Bunting range

Distribution: In recent years, the number Indigo Buntings has been expanding. The contributing factor is that more older farmlands are being abandoned, the logging of forests and construction of highways and railways. This bunting is found from southern Manitoba to Nova Scotia, throughout the western central states to Florida. In the non-breeding months, it lives in southern Florida and southeastern Texas, Mexico, Central America and on the Caribbean islands.

Birds of Cuba