There are at least ten species of sandpipers that have been identified in Cuba during migration periods. Almost all of these types of sandpipers migrate into the northern ranges of the North American continent where they nest and raise their young.
The sandpipers are a challenge for even the most experienced birder to have the confidence in identifying each bird with absolute certainty. There are subtle differences between some species, specifically when trying to distinguish between their colours, sizes and calls, as well as taking into account whether they are in breeding plumage or non-breeding plumage and also whether they are juvenile or adult.
The largest number of sandpiper species that are threatened, are the ones that share their habitat with human civilization. These are the Upland Sandpiper and the Spotted Sandpiper. Whereas the Upland Sandpiper is losing its pastures to crops and development, the Spotted Sandpiper is through the loss of suitable shorelines.