There are at least two types of species of martins seen in Cuba. The Cuban Martin is the only native nesting martin. The Purple Martin is a migrant and is a native bird to North America. These non-native martins are visitors.
The martins are insect-eating birds and they catch their prey on the wing. The Purple Martin is a bird species that totally depends on man for its nesting habitat. These social gathering birds nest in multi-unit birdhouses. Once a new bird house is established the same birds will return year after year.